Since our founding in 1944, the museum and staff have worked to curate the largest collection of its kind in the world. Today, our mission is to be the leader in protecting and interpreting North America’s transportation heritage.
Since our founding in 1944, the museum and staff have worked to curate the largest collection of its kind in the world. Today, our mission is to be the leader in protecting and interpreting North America’s transportation heritage.
BROWSE THE ENTIRE TRANSPORTATION COLLECTION (Note: Much of our collection is readily viewable on our grounds; some is in storage or maintenance and thus not. Call ahead if you are visiting for a particular artifact to verify it is on display.)
Tank car was designed to transport concentrated and highly corrosive nitric acid. Carried 8,000 gallons. A double hulled car with the inner hull constructed of aluminum alloy, which is protected by a cushion of air and a steel outer safety cover shell. Loads and unloads from top.
This car was built out of cypress and fir wood and holds 8,100 gallons of vinegar. The tank cars were painted silver to reflect sunlight and to help keep the vinegar cool. This type of car had a relatively short track life. Wood was used for these cars as vinegar is acidic and would have been very corrosive to early steel tank cars. Less than six wooden vinegar tank cars remain in existence.
This "Front Runner" piggyback car was designed to carry truck trailers. It has four wheels instead of a pair 0f two-axle trucks, 28-inch diameter wheels rather than 33-inch diameter wheels which were standard on most freight cars. It did not have a continuous floor so it could not accommodate containers nor could a trailer be towed aboard by a tractor. The trailer could only be loaded by an overhead crane. The car is 53'10" in length, weighs 25,500 pounds empty, and has a capacity of 65,000 pounds.
This carriage auto originally cost $1,200 and is the oldest of nine of this make in existence. It is powered by a one-cylinder, 7-hp engine; employed the first float carburetor; equipped with a tilting steering wheel; and has a chain drive to the rear axle.St. Louis Motor Carriage Company was a manufacturer of automobiles at 1211–13 North Vandeventer Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri, founded by George Preston Dorris (later credited with developing and patenting the float-carburetor) and John French in 1898, with French taking charge of marketing and Dorris heading engineering and production. St. Louis Motor Carriage was the first of many St. Louis automakers and produced automobiles from 1899 to 1907.
The Bobby Darin “Dream Car” is a one-of-a-kind custom car designed by Detroit clothing designer Andy Di Dia in 1953 and completed in 1960. Mr. Di Dia apparently did not care for the design of automobiles in the early 1950’s. The Di Dia 150 was hand-built by four workers in Detroit, Michigan between 1953 and 1960 at a cost of over $93,000 dollars.The original Cadillac V8 engine was replaced by a Ford 427/365 hp V8 engine. The body and chassis are hand-formed in aluminum with an aluminum alloy welded tube frame. The car has hidden windshield wipers, retracting headlights, swiveling turn signals, and doors that opened with a push on a panel outside of the car (there are no door handles) and a trunk that was hinged from the driver’s side. The Dream Car was also equipped with the first backseat-mounted radio speakers. The interior is rust-colored to contrast with the ruby colored exterior. The car has 30 coats of paint with ground industrial diamond dust to add sparkle.Bobby Darin, a well-known singer, purchased the car from Mr. Di Dia, and as a result, it became forever known as Bobby Darin’s Dream Car.
A total of 55 Turbine cars were built by Chrysler Corporation. The body of the car was handmade by Ghia, an Italian Design Studio, and then shipped to the United States where the engine was installed. Five cars were built in 1962 as prototypes used for troubleshooting, and each was slightly different from the others. A total of 50 identical turbine cars were built between October 1963 and October 1964. They were all two-door hardtop coupes with power brakes and power steering. All were painted identically with a color known as “Turbine Bronze."The engine that powered the turbine car could operate on many different fuels, required less maintenance and lasted longer than the piston engine.
In 1952, Ford Motor Co. began a test program to explore the use of gas turbine engines for automobiles and trucks. An improved version of the gas turbine engine was tested in a tilt-cab truck tractor with a 300-horsepower, 704-cubic-inch-displacement engine--this 1959 CT-1100 was the first vehicle used to test it. The main advantages of the turbine engine were low noise, emissions, oil consumption, and vibration; easy cold-weather starting; extended overhaul life; high torque at low speeds; and instantaneous full-power capability. High fuel consumption at idle and costly manufacturing materials needed because of their high operating speeds and temperatures prevented successful turbine use in cars or trucks. Ford gave up development in 1973. This truck tractor was donated by Ford in 1971.
U.S. Army Air Force Douglas Aircraft C-47A “Gooney Bird” #N 3-15635
C-47A Transport "Gooney Bird"
Douglas Aircraft Co.
This twin-engine 1943 Douglas Aircraft product, the military version of the DC-3, is thought to have been used by the United States Army Air Force in the World War II invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. It is painted in camouflage with invasion stripes, which were placed on Allied aircraft used on D-Day to identify them so they would not be subject to friendly fire. The plane was agile and dependable, and could land and take off on comparatively short air fields. After the war, this plane was used in commercial passenger service in Nevada until it was reacquired by the military for use by the 131st Tactical Fighter Group of the Missouri Air National Guard for 22 years.
The H.T. Pott was the first Missouri River towboat with a welded steel hull instead of a riveted hull. The vessel operated out of Kansas City, Missouri on the Missouri River. It is named for Herman T. Pott (1895-1982), a distinguished river transportation executive and entrepreneur. The groups of barges that are moved on the nation’s rivers are called “tows." The boats that propel the barges are “towboats” even though they push the barges from the back instead of pulling them. The H.T. Pott is 58 feet long and 15 feet wide, and it has a “draft” the amount of the hull below the water line of 6 feet. You can walk the decks of the H.T. Pott.
Lockheed T-33 US Air Force training aircraft.The T-33A was developed by modifying the P-80 jet which later became the “F-80 Shooting Star." The fuselage of the P-80 was lengthened and a second seat was added which required the use of a larger engine. This design resulted in the T-33A. Both propeller driven aircraft pilots and the new jet aircraft pilots were trained on the T-33A.The T-33A made its maiden flight in March of 1948. Manufacture of this plane continued from 1948 to 1959. The plane has served in the Air Forces of more than 30 countries becoming one of the most widely used trainers in history.
Mules pulled this car between downtown St. Louis and Bellefontaine in north St. Louis County until 1895. Passengers entered through the rear door and paid a nickel fare. The car had no heater. In the winter the company spent three cents a day for straw to cover the floor to add warmth for riders. The driver was paid nine-and-and-a-half cents per hour. The mule could only work for six hours per day. The driver worked much longer.The Bellefontaine was long stored by United Railways and St. Louis Public Service Co. Acquired in 1944, the #33 became the first artifact in the Museum's collection.
This rail grinder was built to replace the earlier 1892 rebuilt streetcar which is currently located at the National Museum of Transportation in Kirkwood, MO. It ran until the end of St. Louis Streetcar Service in 1966.
Bi-State Development Agency #60
Bi-State Development Agency
Built for St. Louis & Suburban Railway, sprinkler was first used to keep down dust, later for weed-spraying; also used by United Railways, St. Louis Public Service Co.
Open wooden platform (recovered with steel); semi-convertible; double-ended operation. It is a "Convertible Car;" in summer it ran with open-screened windows. In winter it ran with windows closed and car was heated via a charcoal heater. It weighs 73,230 pounds and seats 60.#1365 was operated with a third rail that produced 600 volts DC which powered two Westinghouse Model 50-L traction motors.Originally ran for Brooklyn Rapid Transit from 1905 - 1923, and then ran for Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit from 1923 - 1940. Next it ran for New York City Board of Transportation from 1940 - 1953. Last operated in service for New York City Transit Authority from 1953 - 1958.
Currently Operational. Single-unit version of 6000-series cars listed below; operator’s cab at each end; had both third-rail and trolley pole power pickup. Built by the St. Louis Car Company for Chicago’s elevated and subway lines, using trucks and controls designed for PCC-type streetcars. Some components came from Chicago’s own PCC streetcars which were replaced by electric trolleybuses and diesel buses in the 1950s. Mostly on the Evanston line (today’s Purple Line) until 1993, and came to TNMOT in 1998.
Illinois Terminal #410 is a suburban car originally built as IT 62. It was assigned to the Illinois Valley Division southwest of Chicago, but was later transferred to St. Louis suburban service. Lightweight steel interurban car; double-ended. It is 46'6" long, and 8'8" wide, with a height of 10'6". Ownership history: Illinois Traction System #62 1924-1929; Chicago & Illinois Valley #62 1929-1930; Illinois Terminal #410 1930-1958.
#241 was used as a mainline interurban car. It ran for Illinois Traction from 1908-1928 and for Illinois Terminal from 1928 – 1950. Number 241 was retired in 1950. It is constructed of wood and has 48 seats. Illinois Traction became Illinois Terminal RR; heavy, single-ended interurban combine with clerestory railroad roof and arched stained-glass, upper-window sash.
This car is 27’10” long, 7’8” wide and 9’10” high and weighs 15,400 lbs. It is of steel construction and
ran on a gauge of 4’8” track. The car held 28 seats and was last in service in 1949. 4-wheel Birney “safety car;" double-ended.
Formerly Hudson and Manhattan Railroad subway car; could seat 44, with a total capacity 125 standing and seated. The Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) Corporation presents the #256 as the oldest transit car in passenger service between New York and New Jersey, 1909-1965. Car #256 traveled two million miles in revenue service. At the time of its retirement in 1965, it was the only remaining Class B series car on the railroad. Original exterior color was olive green.
Currently Operational. Streamlined car built for Philadelphia Transportation Co.; originally 5 foot 2-1/2 inch gauge, converted to 4 foot 8-1/2 inch gauge and restored to operation at TNMOT in 1995-97.
Streetcar #1005 was built for United Railways, then on to St. Louis Public Service Co.; re-motored to pull trailers; also numbered 1065. SLPS car 1005 was a standard car used as a "trailer puller" for years in St. Louis. The car was built in 1909 but was heavily rebuilt during its service life. History: United Railways #1065 1909-1927 / St. Louis Public Service #1065 1927-1947 / St. Louis Public Service #1005 1943-1947 /The National Museum of Transportation (Kirkwood, Missouri) 1947-present.
Streamlined car sold by PSC to San Francisco Transit Authority and renumbered 1164; loaned to East Troy (WI) RR Museum; now the property of NMOT for an exchange of materials with the City of San Francisco.
The first St. Louis rail grinder numbered 215 was this car, built as a streetcar. A rail grinder is used to smooth trolley track. #215 later saw service as a railway post office car on Bellefontaine Ry, and then as a door repair car. Later #215 was converted to rail grinder in 1910 and ran as such until 1946.
#426 was first operated by United Railways (later St. Louis Public Service). Trailer #426 is 45 ft. long, 8 ft. 10 in. wide, and contains 64 seats. It is a motorless streetcar trailer with a steel frame and body with canvas over wood roof and round ends with dual center doors. It was taken totally out of Service in 1948.
Rebuilt in 1913 as double-ended car; other in-service numbers were 945 and 855 on United Railways and St. Louis Public Service Co. #894 is an attractive deck-roof streetcar built by the Laclede Car Company in 1896 for the Southern Electric Railway, which later became part of SLPS. It was acquired by the Museum of Transportation near St. Louis in 1947 and during the 1990's was cosmetically restored. History: Southern Electric Railway #945 1896-1898 / United Railways #945 1898-1913 / United Railways #894 1913-1927 / St. Louis Public Service #894 1927-1939 / St. Louis Public Service #855 1939-1947 /National Museum of Transportation (Kirkwood, Missouri) 1947-present. 39'10" in length and 8'3" in width. 8 (B-B) wheels, UR 25 trucks, WH 95 (4) motor.
St. Louis Waterworks Railway #17 was a double-ended interurban car, used between Grand Ave., later extended to Bissells Point Station, the City's Baden Water Works Station and Chain of Rocks Water Plant in north St. Louis. It contained 44 seats. The roof is constructed of wood with a canvas top over the wood. It was initially retired in 1946, but taken totally out of service in 1959.
Union Depot #3
St. Louis Car Co.
4-window, double-ended horse-drawn car built for unknown user; returned to builder and displayed at 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, then stored until 1948 donation to NMOT.
The "Big Boy" is considered to be the world's largest successful steam locomotive. The locomotive was used to haul the heavy freight trains over the mountains between Cheyenne WY and Ogden UT. The "Big Boy" is an "articulated" engine that is 132 feet 9 1/4 inches long. It weighs 600 tons and could generate a speed of up to 80 mph. The Union Pacific railroad ordered 25 units and, of that number, seven are on static display and one has bee restored and is fully operational.
Boston Providence Railroad Daniel Nason – One of Oldest Surviving Locomotives
Boston & Providence Railroad Shops
The "Daniel Nason" is the oldest steam locomotive in the Museum's collection and one of the oldest surviving locomotives in the nation. With a 4-4-0 wheel arrangement, the locomotive is the only surviving "insider," a design popular with railroads before the Civil War, with cylinders and main driving rods between (rather than outside of ) the locomotive side frames. The locomotive had a top speed of 60 mph. Part of the Purdue Collection.
General Motors used lightweight construction concepts in the building of a futuristic locomotive and 10 cars, which resulted in the "Aerotrain." It was an attempt to lure passengers back to rail travel vs. air or automobile travel. Unfortunately, at high speeds the coaches rode very poorly and were very noisy. Rock Island ultimately used the trains as commuters from Chicago to Joliet, IL.
Last "shovel-nosed" diesel made for Zephyr passenger service from St. Louis to Kansas City, MO, and last in service. Named "General Pershing Zephyr" after Missouri native, General John J. Pershing of WWI fame. Streamlined design of earlier "Zephyr Units."
General Motors Electro-Motive locomotive #103 was a demonstrator with 1350 horsepower. First successful diesel electric locomotive. This locomotive proved the efficiency of diesel electric power, ending the steam locomotive era. National Engineering Landmark declared 1982.
This is the largest and heaviest rotary snowplow built. It is 56'2" long, 17' high and weighs 376,400 pounds. (That's the same as 62 African Elephants!) Its 12' diameter cutting wheel could throw snow far to either side of the track as it was pushed forward at four to six mph. Its hydraulically operated wings can open to permit a 14' wide cutting swath of snow. The cutting wheel can revolve up to 150 rpm. It is not self propelled and must be pushed by up to four locomotives.
A steam generator heats the carburetor, prevents the fuel and water pipes from freezing and thaws out the cutting wheel if it gets stuck. The plow engineer controls both the plow and the trailing locomotives. The circular windows in the front of this plow revolve to keep them clear from snow.
The "Black Diamond" is the sole surviving steam inspection engine. It was used by the President of Philadelphia & Reading Coal and Iron Co. and other railroad executives on short business or inspection trips. The "Black Diamond" is 22'9" in length and weighs 26,300 pounds. It is believed the engine could attain a maximum speed of 60 mph.
This engine is one of only two large Mohawk type NYC steam engines to have survived being scrapped. It is the only locomotive donated for preservation by the NYC. It weighs 185 tons and has 67" drivers.
St. Louis and San Francisco Railway #1522 Locomotive (Frisco)
Baldwin Locomotive Works
St. Louis-San Francisco Railway #1522 famous steam locomotive (Frisco). Locomotive has booster engine on trailing truck. The engine was used in freight/passenger service. Retired in 1955, it was donated to the Museum. #1522 led 2 lives, restored in 1988 to operating condition and returned to hauling passengers on Midwest excursions from 1988 to 2002.
Last coal-burner steam engine to operate in the St. Louis area. Primary function was to operate as a switch engine for different companies in the area. It was called a "fantail" because of its sloping tender's allowing for greater visibility for the crew. Various parts are colored coded for informational purposes.
#12 served the Alton & Southern Railroad for just 22 years, operating 622,626 miles for the industrial switching/transfer line in Illinois. The locomotive's rare 3-cylinder design saved on fuel. Unfortunately, maintenance and associated costs for the center cylinder outweighed the fuel economies. Only four North American 3-cylinder steam engines exist today. #12 weighs 242,000 pounds and has three 22" x 28" cylinders.
Arkansas & Missouri Railroad #22 for a time was the oldest operating diesel locomotive in regular mainline service. After being sold a number of times, it finally ended up with the Arkansas & Missouri, where for many years it served as a power unit for the railroad's excursion trains.
Built as a freight locomotive to operate service between downtown St. Louis and Central Illinois, #1595 has a four-truck articulated design which allowed safe weight distribution on bridges which enabled it to negotiate tight curves on city streets. The locomotive is 52 feet in length and weighs 160,000 pounds. It has eight General Electric motors which received 600-volt DC power through a trolley pole from overhead wires. Number 1595 is the sole surviving class C locomotive of the Illinois Terminal Railroad.
The Boston and Albany was a railroad connecting Boston, MA, and Albany, NY. Number 39's a coal-burner called "Mamora" and was nicknamed "Eddy Clock" after the designer, Wilson Eddy. It received its nickname because it was said to run with clock-like precision. It has 63" drive wheels, link-and-pin couplers, a "domeless" boiler and weighs 67,150 pounds. Number 39 is the sole survivor of 100 similar engines built for the Boston and Albany.
Chicago & Illinois Midland Railroad Steam Locomotive #551 Mikado with a 2-8-2 configuration was big and powerful. During WWII name was changed from Mikado to McArthur. This engine powered coal trains from Illinois Midland Coal Mines to Commonwealth Edison Electric Generating Plants.
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western #952 steam engine is the only surviving "Mother Hubbard" (or camelback) 4-4-0 type locomotive. The engine burned hard anthracite coal. It was featured in the railroad's "Phoebe Snow" passenger train advertising campaign using the image of a woman dressed in white to illustrate the cleanliness of anthracite coal.
Eagle-Picher/St. Louis-San Francisco Railway #1621
These engines were originally built for the Imperial Russian State Railways as allied military aid during WWI. After the Bolshevik Revolution took Russia out of the war, #1621 was one of 200 undelivered Decapods. Because Russian railroads had a 5-foot gauge rail compared to the standard American gauge of 4 feet, 8 1/2 inches, the engine had to be modified for American use.
Number 311 is the engine that pulled the famous "KATY Flyer," a commemorative train which consisted of a unique series of historic railroad cars: Caboose#1, Box Car #12321, Coach #10 and Flatcar #12145. This unit of engine and cars was named after the MKT's St. Louis to Texas passenger train. The #311 engine was originally built to burn coal, but it was converted to burn oil in 1923 while undergoing an extensive rebuild. Engine #311 is the sole surviving MKT (KATY) steam engine.
Massive freight hauler used until 1960 to haul heavy coal trains through the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia. This compound "articulated" locomotive was among the hardest working steam locomotives ever built. The articulated design allowed the locomotive to operate on tracks with tighter curves by allowing the two sets of drive wheels to split and turn independently. Weighs 961,500 pounds; the engine and tender are 113'1/4" long and have have 58" drivers. Only compound locomotive in Museum's collection. After being loaned out for five years to the Virginia Museum of Transportation, the #2156 was returned to TNMOT on June 15, 2020.
Used in freight/passenger service. Has 73" drive wheels, weighs 867,000 pounds, and reached 110 mph. The 4460 pulled last steam-powered train on the SP in 1958. Southern Pacific #4460 is a beautiful streamlined locomotive with a 4-8-4 Northern Configuration. GS Class engine, where "GS" Stands for General Service. Southern Pacific #4460 is the only surviving GS-6 Class steam locomotive. It was built during World War II, but was never painted the famous Daylight paint scheme. Instead, it was painted black and silver, thus earning it the nicknames "War Baby" and "Black Daylight."
St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern #625, was a 4-6-0 10-Wheeler, also known as Missouri Pacific #2707, built in 1889 by Baldwin Locomotives. This was one beautiful workhorse. Engine #635 was used to haul iron ore from Iron Mountain, MO, to St. Louis. In 1917, due to a merger, the engine became part of the MOPAC Railroad. Weighs 147,300 pounds and has 61" drivers.
Wabash Locomotive #573 was originally #754. Built in 1899, it was rebuilt in 1915 to the #573 Locomotive 2-6-0 Mogul Class F5. The #573 was built to haul freight. It was used to carry freight across a bridge over the Illinois River at Bluffs, IL, that would not support the heavier diesel locomotives. It is one of only two surviving Wabash steam locomotives.
One of more than 400 "Forney" steam engines used on elevated transit lines. It ran in Chicago and was named "Charles H" after the son of John Deere of tractor fame and board member of Lake Street Elevated. Forneys were originally built for main line service but were found to be more useful on elevated transit lines or short line railroads. No. 9 is one of only six that are known to exist and the only one preserved in a museum. The Chicago Lake Street Elevated Railroad was the second permanent elevated railroad built in Chicago. Opened in 1893, parts of are still used today.
This engine is a coal burner. It has 24" drivers and weighs 24,000 pounds. The original owner sold the engine to the brick making company, Laclede-Christy Clay Products Company, who used it at their St. Louis, MO plant moving carloads of clay to the brick factory. It was retired in 1952.
The "South Park" is a fireless locomotive which differs from a steam locomotive. It has no way of producing its own steam. The boiler was filled two-thirds to capacity and then steam was piped in from the central power plant boiler. As the steam in the boiler diminished, the water in the fireless boiler turned into steam. The engine could operate two to two and one-half hours before it had to be refueled with water and steam. The South Park is believed to be one of the first fireless locomotives used in the United States. It is 24'8" in length and weighs 77,700 pounds.
St. Louis & San Francisco Locomotive 95/3695 "Frisco" was built by Baldwin Locomotive Works 1906 as a 0-6-0 configuration. This switch engine was built originally for the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad as SL-SF 3695 and used as a railyard switcher. In 1937, it was sold to Scullin Steel Corp. as #95 and used as an industrial switcher. Scullin Steel donated the engine donated to the Museum in March 1956. Note the unique tender trucks, a Scullin design. The total weight of this coal-fired switch engine is 229,100 lbs.
TRRA #146 Steam Locomotive was a tender-less locomotive with a saddle tank engine, equipped with a horizontal fire door. Museum has frame and running gear only. The cab and boiler were removed prior to #146 arriving at the Museum; the chassis artifact demonstrates gearing. The attached image is one of the engine at the time of its operating. For a photo of the frame that remains of #146 in the Museum's tunnel, click here.
Union Electric #1 Yard Locomotive, built as a 0-4-0 configuration in 1925 by Baldwin Locomotive Works. This engine helped build Missouri’s Bagnell Dam. The engine weighs 63,000 lbs. Saddle tank switcher steam locomotive.
#2 is a "Thermos Bottle" or "Fireless" locomotive. The locomotive differs from a regular steam locomotive, because it is incapable of producing its own steam. Designed to be smokeless and safe, expelling no fire or sparks. The boiler is two-thirds filled with water and then steam is injected into the boiler from a central power plant boiler. As the steam dissipates, the water in the fireless boiler is turned into additional steam. The engine weighs 140,000 pounds. #2 was last used at Union Electric's power plant in Venice, Illinois.
One of five experimental passenger diesel locomotives, it hauled Baltimore & Ohio's first diesel-powered Royal Blue service until 1937. In 1938 it was transferred to the Chicago & Alton and then became #1200 under the Gulf, Mobile & Ohio Railroad. It then powered GM&O "Abraham Lincoln" passenger service from St. Louis to Chicago until it was retired in 1958.
Built as a heavy freight locomotive, and powered by a 645E3 V-20 turbo-charged diesel engine. It was the first V20 engine ever made, overcoming two design challenges: making a very long crankshaft tough enough to take the torque it would endure when in service; and the firing order for 20 cylinders. The engine is 65'8" long, and weighs approximately 391,000 pounds.
#4502 is one of twelve RS-3s Missouri Pacific bought from ALCO in early 1955. It weighs 229,000 pounds and is 55' 11" long. The engine was sold in 1975 and used as a short line freight engine and later as a switcher. #4502 ALCO RS-3 had a max speed of 65 mph; built by ALCO for heavy freight.
Sabine River & Northern Railway Locomotive painted in Bumble Bee colors; engine had 900 horsepower Winston Model 201-A engine, cast frame, with top speed of 50 mph. This Model NC diesel-electric switcher cost $91,500.00 and weighs 250,000 pounds.
In 1914, to operate on the Panama Canal, 40 mules were built by GE. #662 is one the mules, named after the pack animals. Mules were used for side-to-side and braking control through the locks. Four mules were used per ship, one on each side and one on each end. They each cost $13,092 and were used on the Pacific side of the canal at the Pedro Miguel locks. They each weighed 86,300 pounds and were 32'-2 1/4" in length. The mule ran on 5' gauge rails.
Built at the Plymouth Locomotive Works of Plymouth, Ohio, #2003 is a propane-electric unit used in short line freight service on the Joplin-Pittsburg Railroad and later on the Kansas City Public Service Freight Operation as # 1. It weights 140,000 pounds, has a maximum speed of 35 mph, and contains four 110 horsepower Westinghouse motors. In 1964, #2003 was donated by James G. Ashley, Sr. of Kansas City Public Service Freight Operation.
Original school bus was converted by Illinois Terminal for use as a railbus. Special type of rear axle, flanged wheels and a 4-wheel front bogie truck. Nicknamed "The Dinky." Used to transport passengers between Grafton, IL and Alton, IL. Engine, line 2; gas straight 6 cyl, 6 volt. Donated in 1953 by the Illini Railroad Club.
One of two Class B locomotives preserved is #1575 used on an electric freight line, one of the last B's built which used a cast steel underframe. It operated in freight service across the Illinois Traction System, and later Illinois Terminal. The country's second largest interurban network was the Illinois Traction System - the McKinley lines - that stretched across much of the state of Illinois and lasted into the late 1950's. The ITS shops in Decatur were perhaps best known for the large fleet of boxcab locomotives that were designed and built entirely in-house. The earliest of these homebuilt units were the Class B's.
Generating up to 3,200 continuous horsepower, #E-2 was used primarily to pull transcontinental passenger trains (including the famed Olympian Hiawatha) between Othello and Tacoma, WA, through the Cascade mountains. The 76-foot long electrically powered locomotive, weighing 260 tons, is the only survivor of five built for the Milwaukee Road. “Bi-polar” engines used a special motor to operate electrically. It was called a "bi-polar" design because of the two motor field magnet cores, one on each side of the motorized axles. Dual-facing engine. They were designed to pull passenger cars.
Primary function was to haul passenger trains on electrified tracks between New York City's Grand Central Station and Harmon, NY. The locomotive operated on 660 volts DC and produced 2,200hp. Power was obtained by an "electrified" third rail, but used a small pantograph on top of the engine to receive power from overhead wires when operating in NYC's Park Avenue tunnel. This type of locomotive served as the prototype for Lionel and Ives model trains.
Mechanical drive; clutch and four-speed transmission. This engine was originally powered by gasoline but later changed to a three-cylinder, 87 horsepower diesel engine. The dome on the top is a sand dome.
#502 was designed for heavy freight operations on ore trains. It weighs 346,600 pounds and has 59" drivers. During the 1920s numerous upgrades were made to the engine including a larger tender which included a "dog house" for the brakeman. In 1937, #502 transferred to the Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range to haul ore trains from the Missabe Range to Lake Superior.
The nose of this Alco/GE diesel belies its multi-gauge trucks that are able to run on almost any gauge in the world. This Alco/GE diesel was built with multi-gauge trucks for service anywhere in the world in the event of war. A total of 96 were built. Most of the locos produced were put into storage to await a worldwide need.
St. Louis Southwestern Railroad (Cotton Belt) MW #95589
Wedge Snow Plow (converted from Vanderbilt tender)
Baldwin Locomotive Works
Number 95589 was originally built as a "Vanderbilt" tender to a Rock Island 2-8-2 "Mikado" engine. It was rebuilt in the mid-1920s to a water tank car, and then in 1957 converted to a snow plow. One-third of the tank was removed and a fabricated wedge was attached to the tank. Remaining two-thirds of the tank was filled with ballast to add weight and stability to the plow. One or more engines pushed the plow through snow. Originally built for the Rock Island Line, it was conveyed to the St. Louis Southwestern when the former line was sold and broken up.
The stage coach-style passenger coach of Boston & Providence Railroad was designed and built by John Lightner in Boston & Providence Railroad shops. The Boston & Providence Railroad Coach is the oldest original American railway passenger coach. Built in 1833, resembling an early stagecoach, it has four wheels and is constructed of wood, with an iron frame and leather straps supporting the body. The car was made three years after the first U.S. Steam locomotive was built in 1830. At first horse-drawn, it was later pulled behind the first steam engine that traveled between Boston, MA and Providence, RI. The coach was exhibited with the "Daniel Nason" locomotive at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893) and in New York (1939-1940). In 1982, it was among 8,500 items auctioned from the estate of a wealthy businessman. That year it was contributed to the Museum by the "Friends of the Danbury Collection."
An experimental gas turbine engine powered by two Boeing 502-2E 150 horsepower jet engines. Developed for the Korean Conflict. This is the first successful gas-turbine-mechanical locomotive, built for the Army as an experimental by Davenport.
Terminal R. R. was incorporated in 1889 to rationalize the interchange of freight and passenger trains in the St. Louis MO area. This switcher was the first engine to be built with a one-piece frame and cylinder casting. A coal burner of 247,500 pounds, it has 51" drivers. It is the only TRRA steam locomotive to have survived.
#4700 was built in 1931 as the prototype of the P-5 class electric locomotive. Originally designed for passenger service, the #4700 could attain a top speed of 95 mph. In 1939 it was re-geared to perform freight work, with a top speed of 70 mph. #2700 is 62 feet long and weighs 392,000 pounds. The locomotive operated off of 11,000 volt, single phase AC power collected from overhead wires. 64 units were built with the boxcab placing the engineer at the front of the engine which was very dangerous in the event of an accident. 28 units were later built with the cab in the center. Number 4700 is the sole surviving P-5 Pennsylvania Railroad electric engine.
General Electric Baldwin Locomotive Works Pennsylvania Railroad
Pennsylvania Railroad used GG1s like #4918 to pull passenger trains in the Washington to New York City "Northeast Corridor." Amtrak acquired the locomotive in 1971 and renumbered it #4916. #4918 weighs 477,000 pounds and is 79'6" long. 11,000-volt AC power was supplied by overhead wires through dual pantographs located at either end of the engine. A GG1 could attain a top speed of 100 mph in passenger service and 90 mph in freight service.
This 12 section/one drawing room car known as an "open section" sleeping car was the most common and more economical type of sleeping car accommodation on U.S. railroads. During the 1930s the St. Carvan was air-conditioned with the Pullman air-conditioning system which was a block of ice placed under the car with a large fan located in front of the ice. As the wheels turned, electricity was generated to turn the fan which blew air over the ice resulting in cool air inside the car.
Number 6944 is one of 47 engines built between 1969 and 1971 for the Union Pacific. This class of engine was called "Centennial" to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. This type of "double" engine was the most powerful diesel-electric locomotive model ever built on a single frame. It was actually two engines on one frame. #6944 was used to haul heavy freight over the Rocky Mountains. Number 6944 is 98'5" in length and weighs 543,432 pounds with a full load of fuel and fluids. The two engines generate 6,600 horsepower and can attain a top speed of 80-90 mph.
The "Silver Spoon" #192 is a stainless steel, fluted-side dining car which was to be used on the CB&Q Zephyr trains. It was assigned to operate on the "Aristocrat" between Chicago and Denver. The "Silver Spoon" was destined to be used as a spare car in the general service pool of the Zephyr fleet. The dining car is equipped with two coal-fired stoves, ice chests for refrigeration, and sealed windows. The car could seat 36 to 48 diners.
#2002 has an 800 hp, two-cycle diesel V-8 engine and is 44'5" in length. It weighs 230,000 pounds and has a maximum speed of 65 mph. The U.S. Army ordered 41 SW8 engines for service in Korea during the Korean Conflict. The #2002 served with the 724th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion in Korea. At the end of the war #2002 was returned to the United States and operated at the Red River (Texas) Army Depot and later at Fort Leonard Wood, MO.
#5998 is a lightweight aluminum, round-end parlor observation car originally built for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. It brought up the rear of the B&O's "Royal Blue" passenger train that provided service from Washington, D.C., to Jersey City, NJ. In the early 1940s it was operated by the GM&O where it was assigned to the "Abraham Lincoln" passenger service between Chicago, IL, and St. Louis, MO. The car is 70' in length and weighs 83,200 pounds which is 10,000 pounds less than a heavyweight car made out of steel. The car is air-conditioned and equipped with restrooms. It has 32 individual seats.
A "dynamometer" car is a rolling laboratory designed to test the pulling power of steam locomotives. Number 30's front coupler was attached to the car's underframe through a hydraulic cylinder. The pull of a locomotive moved a piston in the cylinder, and measuring instruments inside the car recorded data. #30, a steel car, is 60 feet long and weighs 125,000 pounds. Test trips on the car could last for several days, and as a result, the car contains facilities to house and feed the test crew and a dining car cook: two staterooms for four people each lockers, toilet, shower, and kitchen.
Steam Car - Similar to an 8-cylinder internal combustion engine
Stanley Motor Carriage Co.
Stanley steam cars utilized an external combustion engine where the fuel source is consumed external to the engine. A steam boiler generates great quantities of power for later use, unlike an internal combustion engine that must develop the needed power on demand. Kerosene was used to light the pilot and main burner of the external engine as it provided more heat energy than gasoline. Kerosene was also less expensive and safer. It would take at least 20 minutes to start a Stanley Steamer. Fuel consumption was approximately one gallon of water per 10 to 12 miles.
Pierce Motorcycle Co. (Parent company was Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Co.)
The Pierce 4 was the first 4-cylinder motorcycle produced in the United States. It has a T-head, inline-4 with compression release 708cc engine with a two-speed transmission and could attain a speed of 60 mph. The frame of the Pierce has very large diameter partitioned integrated tubing for gasoline and oil.
The “City Tavern” is simply a restaurant on wheels. The car is divided into two areas, the galley where the food was prepared and the dining area known as the “pantry” where up to 40 patrons could be seated. Eleven or twelve employees would be assigned to the car: the steward in charge of the diner, 3 or 4 cooks, 2 dishwashers, and 6 waiters. Dining car employees were not allowed to accept tips. The car was modified during the 1930’s with the patented Pullman air-conditioning system.
Although owned by the CB&Q, the “DuBuque” was used in pool service on the Northern Pacific R.R.’s “North Coast Limited." This is a typical post World War II lightweight sleeper. The car consisted of 6 roomettes for 1 person, 4 rooms for 2 people, 3 rooms with double beds, and 1 large compartment.
In 1961, Ford General Manager Lee Iacocca aimed to sell a sports car with four seats, low weight, and a price tag under $2,500. In 1964, Iacocca's vision became a success with the introduction of the Ford Mustang. After selling more than 22,000 Mustangs on the first official sale date, Ford proved that it could manufacture an affordable sports car that the average American family could enjoy. It sports a 200 cubic inch, inline 6 cylinder engine; 108 inch wheelbase. Built in Dearborn, MI; price new $2,372. The new car was introduced to the public on April 17, 1964 at the New York World's Fair.This 1964 1/2 Mustang holds a coveted spot in American muscle car history, as it was the first generation of Ford Mustangs to be produced. Mustangs remain a "classic" American car to this day.
Pevely Dairy founded in the 1880s, was one of four large dairies that evolved from a group of small dairies located in St. Louis at the turn of the twentieth century. Delivery of milk was made by horse-drawn wagons. Milk was delivered in bottles with cream on top and a round piece of cardboard as a stopper. Horses were so well trained on their route that they knew when to stop for a delivery. As a publicity stunt the dairy purchased two trained zebras named Hans and Tanta from a circus and had them pull a dairy wagon. The museum has an original horse-drawn milk wagon that was originally owned by Pevely Dairy. Here is a video of a zebra-drawn milk delivery.
The Chrysler New Yorker 4 door station wagon was introduced in January 1951. Chrysler produced only a total of 251 units of this model.The New Yorker was powered by a 331 cubic inch (5.4 liter) 180 hp Hemi V-8 engine called the “Firepower” engine. It was also equipped with power steering which was an industry first. The New Yorker also had fold down rear seats to provide more cargo space.Statistically, the New Yorker was 213.25 inches in length, 75.125 inches in width, and had a 131.5-inch wheelbase. Its top speed was approximately 98 mph, and fuel consumption was 10.9 mpg.The original manufacturer’s suggested retail price for the New Yorker Wagon was $4026.00.
The William Galloway Company of Waterloo, Iowa, had been a farm implement dealership and mail-order supplier of small farming equipment and tools before it introduced its line of trucks in 1908. The Galloway GT was marketed as a dual-purpose vehicle, "drive to church on Sunday and be put back to work on Monday." This unrestored truck features a two-cylinder, chain-driven, water-cooled engine. Research reveals it to be the oldest surviving delivery truck used in the city of St. Louis and one of fewer than ten Galloways to survive.Engine Type: 2 cylinderHorsepower: 14Displacement: 142 Cubic inchesPrice New: $570.00Donated to the Museum in 1972 by William Abbott.
The Buffalo-Springfield Roller Co., Springfield, Ohio
The Buffalo-Springfield Roller Co. of Springfield, Ohio, manufactured this vintage three-wheel steam roller. The company formed as a merger of the Buffalo Pitts Co. and the Kelly-Springfield Road Roller Co. (before to 1902 known as the O.S. Kelly Co.) Steam rollers of this sort were used to pave Fifth Avenue in New York City (see Buffalo-Springfield Roller Co. documentation).
The Model T had a front mounted 177 cubic inch inline four-cylinder engine producing 20 hp for a top speed of 40-45 mph. The cost of a 1915 Model T was approximately $390 dollars.Henry Ford’s approach to the Model T design was one of getting it right and never changing. He believed the Model T was all the car a person would ever need. However, there were design changes. For example, in 1915 the hood design retained the five-sided design but louvers were added to the vertical sides, and electric headlights replaced carbide headlights.In 1917 Ford ceased production of the Model T and began production of the Model A. Model T engines were produced until 1941.
Steam Kit Car by A. L. Dyke Auto Supply Company.Established in St.Louis MO in 1899 by A.L.Dyke (Andrew Lee Dyke), Dyke was the first American auto parts business. Dyke also sold early autos, kit car or assembled. In addition to the Dyke name, the company also sold automobiles under the St. Louis (St. Louis Motor Company) and Dyke-Britton names.
Velocipede is French for "swift-footed." Handcar used in 19th and early 20th centuries.The most common early handcar was the four-wheel handcar which weighed about 600 lbs.In addition, there was a far lighter 125-150 pound style of handcar called a velocipede or Irish Mail which was used by some railroads. The three-wheel velocipede could carry one or two people over the rail lines to perform short errands. It could attain a speed of up to 12 mph.The actual inventor of this style handcar is unknown, but George S. Sheffield has been generally credited with the invention in 1877. This style of handcar was manufactured until approximately 1947.
SLPS 742 is one of the Peter Witt type streetcars built for St. Louis in the 1920s by St. Louis Car Company. This view shows the back end of the single-ended car. It was rebuilt during its lifetime with different windows and foot-pedal brakes. History: United Railways #742, 1921-1927 / St. Louis Public Service #742, 1927-1953. The car has been at the National Museum of Transportation since 1953 and is stored in complete and fair condition. It has a canvas roof over a wood roof, round ends, single-ended; originally had conductor at center door to collect fares. Length 50'7," width 8'10." Wheels 8 (B-B), 140 hp, Commonwealth trucks, WH 510A (4) motor.
Car was used to repair overhead trolley wires; originally refrigerator car of United Railways, then to St. Louis Public Service Co. Home-built line car, 41' long by 7'3" wide, 4'8.5" gauge, runs on 600VDC; K12 controller with four WH 56 motors, 200 HP total; straight air brakes. United Railways in 1900; United Railways refrigerator car "Z" (1902-1913); United Railways #77 (1913-1927); St. Louis Public Service #77 (1927-1963); Bi-State Development Agency #77 (1963-1966). Donated by Bi-State Development Agency in 1966.
Fire Bug was a a car-sized fire truck. First used by the Los Angeles Fire Department, it was later driven by the zany Banana Splits characters in a TV show, "The Banana Splits Adventure Hour."
The original plan was for this creation, the Fire Bug, to be a promotional or parade rig for the Los Angeles City Fire Department during Fire Prevention Week and such, even though it lacks the departmental markings you might expect. It was a 1969 collaboration between George Barris and his partner-of-the-moment, Dick Dean. Mechanically, it's a chopped-pan VolkswagenÂ Microbus, oddly fitted with dual rear wheels.
The Yellow Truck and Coach of GM built this parlor coach as the ultimate in highway travel. The exterior appearance is that of a conventional Z-250 model passenger bus; however, this proto RV offers all the comforts of home with air conditioning, Pullman berths, a kitchen telephone, and lavatory including a shower. It was typically operated by a crew of three.The bus designed initially used by the president of Buick Motor Division. It was later purchased by Anheuser-Busch of Saint Louis, Missouri, where it provided August A. Busch Jr. first class transportation o numerous trips across the country (1941-1946). Inline 6-cylinder, 616 cid, 150 hp., wheelbase: 250," built in Pontiac MI, acquired by Museum in 1969.
St. Louis based Hogan Racing raced this CART-series car in 1998 which features a fiber, Kevlar reinforced body. In its racing condition, a Mercedes-Benz engine powered the 1,525 pound car at speeds of over 200 miles per hour. Hogan Racing fielded several future superstar drivers, including future Indy 500 winner Helio Castroneves, who raced this car and for whom this car is lettered. The Reynard showcases Hogan's St. Louis heritage by featuring the logos of the St. Louis Cardinals, Blues, and former Rams. It was used as a show and exhibit car following its retirement from racing. Engine Type: V8; displacement: 161.5 CI; 850 hp; wheelbase: 119.5 inches
Divco was a brand name of delivery trucks built and marketed in the United States. Divco is an acronym which stands for Detroit Industrial Vehicles Company.Built in 1963, this model may be driven standing or sitting. When standing, the throttle and brake were mounted on the steering column. This model has a Ford engine. It was used by Bailey Dairy until the early 1980s.Divco was known for its multi-stop delivery trucks, particularly in use as home delivery vehicles by dairy producers.
This Autocar truck was donated to the Museum in 1961, three years after it went out of service. At that time the president of Maplewood Planing Mill Co., Alan C. Blood, said that when his father purchased the truck for the company in 1925. He partially paid for it "by trading in a team of horses, a wagon, and a half carload of hay." In its thirty-three years of service this truck hauled countless thousands of board feet of lumber from the Missouri Pacific's Greenwood Boulevard tracks to the Maplewood Mill at 2731 Sutton Boulevard, Maplewood MO, about a half-mile away. It has a three-ton capacity.Model: 27KEngine Type: 4 cylinderHorsepower: 25Displacement: 276 cubic inchesPrice New: $3,550.00Built in: Ardmore PAThe Autocar Company is an American specialist manufacturer of severe-duty, Class 7 and Class 8 vocational trucks started in 1897 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as a manufacturer of Brass Era automobiles, and trucks from 1899, Autocar is the oldest surviving motor vehicle brand in the Western Hemisphere.Donated to Museum in 1961 by Maplewood Planing Mill Company.
This is believed to be the first truck used to haul mail in the State of Alabama. The Chase Motor Truck Company was founded in 1907, and its three-cylinder engine was used beginning in 1910. The truck has a three-cylinder, two-stroke, air-co0led, 20 horsepower engine, is chain-driven, and has a load capacity of 1,500 pounds. Price new $900; built in Syracuse NY. Museum acquired the truck in 1972 from donor Robert W. Abbott.
This Chicago truck was an "assembled" vehicle that was created using components from various suppliers; it was a common practice, with dozens of brands manufacturing trucks in the United States. The Chicago truck company was founded in 1906 for the sale and maintenance of trucks and built its first vehicle in 1919. The firm was out of business by 1932. Featuring a four-cylinder Hercules engine with a chain drive, and solid tires, this truck was used for many years by the donor for transporting fuel tanks.Engine Type: 4 cylinder HerculesHorsepower: 27Displacement: 251 Cubic inchesPrice New: $2,290.00Built in: Chicago ILDonated to Museum Of Transportation in 1964 by Standard Oil Company of Indiana.
The Model TT was a one-ton truck that derived from a Model T car chassis; it utilized a stronger frame, heavier rear axle, and the addition of two rear springs. The truck debuted in 1917 selling for $600.00. Ford only sold the engine and the chassis leaving it up to the buyer to either custom complete the truck cab and body themselves or pay a coach builder to finish it for them. By the 1920's Ford added the option of a cab, which cost another $45-$65.The versatility of the TT made it useful to farmers and merchants; as fire trucks, dump trucks, and passenger vehicles. By 1928, 1.3 million Ford Model TTs had been sold.This truck arrived at the museum in 1997 in several crates. A team of dedicated volunteers re-assembled and restored it.Engine Type: 4 cylinderHorspower: 20Displacement: 176.7 cubic inchesPrice New: $550.00Built in: Detroit MIDonated to the Museum in 1997 by William Englebrecht.
Although farm equipment was at the heart of the International Harvester's business, it also included a highly competitive truck line established in 1907. With growing competition in the farm machinery industry, the company launched a national ad campaign in 1954 called, "The International Truck Caravan." The caravan showcased the truck line and toured the country stopping at at local dealerships. International Harvester built light-duty trucks until 1975. The company's truck division was sold to Navistar International Corporation in 1986.Engine Type: 6 cylinderHorsepower: 100Displacement: 220.5 Cubic inchesPrice New: $1,484.00Built in: Canto ILDonated to the Museum in 1988 by William and Irene Blackwell.
This Elgin Model D street sweeper was the company's first machine designed specifically for automobile traffic. The brushes concentrated on the curbs instead of the center of the street waste removal typical for horse-drawn traffic. This 1929 street sweeper is believed to be the oldest street sweeper in America
1925 Dodge Brothers 2-Door Coach – 5P Police Car Replication
2-Door Coach - 5P
Although the St. Louis County Police Department was not established until July 1, 1955, this 1925 Dodge Brothers 2-door coach was restored and painted to replicate a police car of the 1920s. This car served as a public relations attraction and was displayed at many community events before it was donated to the Museum in 2004. Engine type: L-head 4 cylinder; displacement: 212.3 cubic inches; horsepower :24.03; wheelbase: 116 inches; donor: Charles and June Gallagher.
Service cars operated in the same manner as buses and streetcars as they had regular routes with regular stops. Cab drivers and bus companies loathed these cars as they were cheaper to ride and stole potential customers.By the 1960s, most service car companies had shut and survivors operated limited routes in north St. Louis. The Consolidated Service Car Co. was the last to offer rides and was eventually bought by Bi-State in 1962. However, most drivers owned their cars and continued their service. With the support of the Committee of Racial Equality (CORE), they charged no fare but accepted 'donations' as 'freedom riders.' Bi-State added more routes to compete with the unlicensed service cars but the African American residents boycotted the buses in these areas. The dispute was settled in 1966.This is the last running and remaining service car. Engine type: 6-cyl. L-Head; Displacement: 230 cubic inches; Horsepower: 103; Built in: San Leandro CA; Donors: Herman Perkins, Anthony Sansone, Consolidated Service Car Co.; Acquired by Museum in 1967.
Physicians used buggies of this type to make house calls to their patients often bartering for their services. The Banner Buggy Co. was one of the largest horse-drawn vehicle manufacturers in the country.
Cushman Eagle Scooter
The Cushman Eagle was an attempt to copy real motorcycle design and it was by far Cushman’s most successful model. The 318CC 8 horsepower motor delivered top speed of nearly 50 MPH. The chrome models are unique because they were made almost exclusively for Shriners to ride in parades and other special events.This scooter was donated in 1987 by the Daniel Hartnett Family.
Buick built trucks for a very short time. One body style available was the “Old English Motor Bus." It is believed that this is one of the only surviving models of this type. Typically, they were used by hotels as a courtesy vehicle or for sightseeing. The twelve passenger bus has a 2 cylinder 22 horse power engine located under the front seat and it is chain-driven. Donated in 1973 by William S. Abbott, this rare antique was restored to operating condition in 1995 through the generosity of the Buick Automobile Dealers of St. Louis.
In the mid-1950s, advancements in helicopter technology made a vehicle like this
possible. At the end of the Korean War, the U.S. Navy was looking for a small
sized helicopter that could be dropped to downed pilots stranded behind enemy
lines. Gyrodyne Company of America was awarded the contract and built
prototypes to demonstrate their new invention. Three different engines were
experimented with over the next few years and this model is equipped with a
Porsche 4-cylinder internal combustion engine. Demand by the Navy soon
switched to radio-controlled pilotless drones and in 1964 all XRON Rotorcycle
work ceased. Allan Barklage donated this Rotorcycle to the museum in 1984.Number built 10
Max Speed 78 mph
Cruise Speed 60 mph
This portable gasoline caddy from the 1920s allowed vendors to sell and pump gasoline at the curbside. A hand-cranked rotary pump was used to dispense fuel into a customer's vehicle. This gas caddy was donated to the Museum by Standard Oil in 1971.
St. Louis-based Dynacycle invented manufactured bike kits and motorbikes. A gasoline motor could be attached to any balloon-tired bicycle in place of the crank and peddles and then mounted to the frame. The company claimed to have the smoothest ride of all bike motors on the market due to its Dynamount suspension system, which included rubber rings in the crank housing. The four horsepower engine delivered speeds of up to 45 miles per hour.This bike has a custom-built side cart. It was used by a local grocery store to deliver goods to its customers. Approximately 200 bikes and kits were sold and it is believed only about 30 are still in existence.
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